Horse types can refer size, kind, or what type of work it does. Here are the three main ways to classify horses:
This way classifies horses by size/body shape. Please note: ponies/miniature horses are not young horses. They are just rather different/shorter types of horses
Generally above 14.2 hands high.
Ponies are generally under 14.2 hands high, but some breeds of horse (i.e. Quarter Horse) can be shorter and still be a horse. They sort of have a “stout” look-deep chest, short leg length in relationship to the body depth.
Miniatures are under 8.2 hands high and are measured in centimeters or inches. They have horse characteristics rather than ponies so can not be classified as ponies. In simpler words: they are small horses.
This is a common way to classify horses with the way of their temperament. Note: don’t be misled by their names. Their names do not classify their temperature of their blood.
Also note: the hyphens in the description are not required I just put them there to be more clear.
Often refers to draft horses. They have calm temperaments and are slightly slower and more gentle.
Examples: Clydesdale, Percheron
The are also called light horses. Hot-blooded horses are easily excited and might have more aggressive temperaments and are full of energy.
Examples: Arabians, Thoroughbreds
Some say this warmbloods are a mix between cold-blood and hot-blooded horses, but some say this is just a horse with the energy of a hot-blood but the calm temperament of a cold-blood.
Examples: Danish warmblood, oldenburg
Generally this the least common way to classify horses, but this is a way to sort them.
These horses are lean, tall and speedy. They have deep heart girths for a lot of room for the heart and wide nostrils.
These horses are large and strong and are used for events like jumping and dressage
Show horses often have a high-stepping and animated movement. They have flashy high-set tails.
Hunters are smooth and graceful in movement and have a long low reach when moving.
Stock horses are heavily muscled and are quick on their feet. They have something horse people call “cow sense”
Example: Quarter Horse
These horses are small, lean and are tough. They have wide nostrils for air intake and outtake.
Pleasure horses are well balanced and have a smooth gait. They are easy to ride.
Example: None. [Pleasure horses don’t really have breeds that fit the description more.]