Glossary

Please note that this page is not finished!!! Thanks!

This glossary is for the use of knowledge

These words do not include coloring words. Please visit my coloring page to get coloring words.

Aid: the action of the part of the rider’s body that tells the horse what to do. Example: the weight of the rider shifts back and heavies when the rider wants the horse to slow down or stop.

Attire: the rider’s clothes

Back (also known as back-up): the two beat diagonal gait in reverse

Bad habit (see vice)

Balk: to refuse or cease to move.

Barn Sour: (also known as herd-bound) a vice that the horse bolts back to barn or herd mates.

Beat: hoof-falls in a gait. ex. the walk is a four beat gait, if you walk a horse on a hard surface, you hear the the hoof hit the ground four times before it uses the hoof it started out with.

Bloodlines: family linage

Bolt: to gulp down food quickly without chewing or to run away

Bot block: a block stone used to scrub off but eggs

Bot fly: a fly that lays eggs in the horse’s hair

Bowed Tendon: damage to the tendon (normally caused by over stretching)

Breed character: the “properties” of a particular breed

Breed registry: an organization that keeps track of members of a breed

Broodmare: a mare used for breeding

Canter: the English term for a three-beat gait. (see also: Lope)

Coggins test: a blood test used to detect exposure equine infectious annemia

Cold-Blooded: refers to draft horses and heavy horses.

Colic: a common aliment due to intestinal discomfort

Color: description of body color coat (and pattern)

Colt: a male horse under the age of four

Conditioning: preparing a horse mentally for riding

Cribbing: a vice where the horse chews on wood (see also: wind-sucking)

Crossbred: a horse where the sire is one breed and the dam is another breed

Cross-tie: in where the horse is tied from two ropes from each side of an aisle and attached to the side of the halter

Cue: the signal from the rider for the horse to do something

Dam: the mother of a horse

Diagonal: the pair of legs across from each other. or could be rising and falling with the outside leg. or could be riding across an arena diagonal

Disunited: loping/cantering with different leads on front and back

Dock: the flesh and bone part of te tail

Draft horse: a type of heavy horse (see also: cold blood)

Driving: when a hose or a pony pulls a cart or wagon

English: a discipline of riding deriving from England.

Equestrian: a man or women who does sports that require a horse

Equitation: the art of riding

Farrier: a person who makes and fits shoes onto a horse

Fetlock: the joint between the horse’s cannon and patsern

Filly: a female horse under the age of four

Flank: the area between the horses’ flank and ribcage. Spotted by when the hair of the horse spirals

Foal: a male or female horse under the age of one

Forehand: the part of the horse from the girth forward

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