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This glossary is for the use of knowledge
These words do not include coloring words. Please visit my coloring page to get coloring words.
Aid: the action of the part of the rider’s body that tells the horse what to do. Example: the weight of the rider shifts back and heavies when the rider wants the horse to slow down or stop.
Attire: the rider’s clothes
Back (also known as back-up): the two beat diagonal gait in reverse
Bad habit (see vice)
Balk: to refuse or cease to move.
Barn Sour: (also known as herd-bound) a vice that the horse bolts back to barn or herd mates.
Beat: hoof-falls in a gait. ex. the walk is a four beat gait, if you walk a horse on a hard surface, you hear the the hoof hit the ground four times before it uses the hoof it started out with.
Bloodlines: family linage
Bolt: to gulp down food quickly without chewing or to run away
Bot block: a block stone used to scrub off but eggs
Bot fly: a fly that lays eggs in the horse’s hair
Bowed Tendon: damage to the tendon (normally caused by over stretching)
Breed character: the “properties” of a particular breed
Breed registry: an organization that keeps track of members of a breed
Broodmare: a mare used for breeding
Canter: the English term for a three-beat gait. (see also: Lope)
Coggins test: a blood test used to detect exposure equine infectious annemia
Cold-Blooded: refers to draft horses and heavy horses.
Colic: a common aliment due to intestinal discomfort
Color: description of body color coat (and pattern)
Colt: a male horse under the age of four
Conditioning: preparing a horse mentally for riding
Cribbing: a vice where the horse chews on wood (see also: wind-sucking)
Crossbred: a horse where the sire is one breed and the dam is another breed
Cross-tie: in where the horse is tied from two ropes from each side of an aisle and attached to the side of the halter
Cue: the signal from the rider for the horse to do something
Dam: the mother of a horse
Diagonal: the pair of legs across from each other. or could be rising and falling with the outside leg. or could be riding across an arena diagonal
Disunited: loping/cantering with different leads on front and back
Dock: the flesh and bone part of te tail
Draft horse: a type of heavy horse (see also: cold blood)
Driving: when a hose or a pony pulls a cart or wagon
English: a discipline of riding deriving from England.
Equestrian: a man or women who does sports that require a horse
Equitation: the art of riding
Farrier: a person who makes and fits shoes onto a horse
Fetlock: the joint between the horse’s cannon and patsern
Filly: a female horse under the age of four
Flank: the area between the horses’ flank and ribcage. Spotted by when the hair of the horse spirals
Foal: a male or female horse under the age of one
Forehand: the part of the horse from the girth forward